1. Usually involves the teacher presenting a series of structured situations to the pupils. The pupils then study these situation in order to discover some concept or generalization
2. As opposed to exposition, the learner is not told the rule or generalization by the teacher and then asked to practice similar problems. Instead pupils are asked to identify the rule or generalization.
3. Not all pupils find it easy to ‘discover’ under all circumstances and this may lead to frustration and lack of interest in the activity. To avoid this, it may be necessary to have cards available with additional clues. These clues will assist the pupils, through guidance, to discover the rule or generalization.
1. Time consuming for teacher to organize – some pupils may never discover the concepts or principles
2. It demands a fair amount of expertise from the teacher. Requires technical expertise (i.e. how best to organize or present the subject) and a good knowledge of the pupils (i.e. how much help/guidance should be given.